Vanadium Flow Batteries

Introduction

Lithium-ion batteries have dominated the ESS market to date. However, they have inherent limitations when used for long-duration energy storage, including low recyclability and a reliance on “conflict minerals” such as cobalt.

Vanadium flow batteries (VFBs) are a promising alternative to lithium-ion batteries for stationary energy storage projects. Also known as the vanadium redux battery (VRB) or vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), VFBs are a type of long duration energy storage (LDES) capable of providing from two to more than 10 hours of energy on demand. They are gaining significant attention for their unparalleled ability to store and deliver power on an industrial scale.

Ferro-Alloy Resources Ltd (LON:FAR) is developing the giant Balasausqandiq vanadium deposit in Kyzylordinskaya oblast of southern Kazakhstan. The ore at this deposit is unlike that of nearly all other primary vanadium deposits and is capable of being treated by a much lower cost process.

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