One such example of sustainable agriculture is vertical farming: the practice of growing crops indoors in stacked upright layers. This practice typically involves LED lighting and soilless farming techniques, such as hydroponics.
Many companies and governments have recently invested in vertical farming, including the United States, a world leader in the sector. AeroFarms in Newark, New Jersey, grows approximately 2 million pounds of food each year and was the world’s largest vertical farm when it opened in 2016. Nordic Harvest, a Danish start-up with Taiwanese partners, began operation in Copenhagen in December 2021 for what will be Europe’s largest vertical farm once completed. Nordic Harvest also plans to build the world’s largest indoor farm in Abu Dhabi. Dense regions like Abu Dhabi and Singapore are investing in the practice to be able to produce more of their food locally, without the need for massive swaths of land.
Nanoco Group PLC (LON:NANO) leads the world in the research, development and large-scale manufacture of heavy metal-free nanomaterials for use in displays, lighting, vertical farming, solar energy and bio-imaging.